Our body has the most important hormone: insulin. It regulates blood glucose levels, actively participates in the
metabolic process. It is produced in the pancreas and supplied to all cells of the body. Diabetes mellitus is a
consequence of the failure of this mechanism.
The first type of diabetes
In the first type of this disease, most of the cells that synthesize insulin die in the pancreas. The cause may be autoimmune or viral. The rest of the cells are unable to produce a sufficient amount of the hormone, which leads
to an increase in sugar levels, a sharp slowdown in metabolic processes. This disease is diagnosed at an early, young age.
The second type of diabetes
The second type of diabetes mellitus develops according to a different mechanism. In this case, the pancreas synthesizes a lot of insulin, sometimes even in excess. But the cells have lost sensitivity to it, they
do not perceive the hormone. This type usually manifests itself in people after the age of 40 due to obesity, hereditary predisposition.
Symptoms and development
Alarming bells for which it is necessary to check the sugar level are a constant feeling of thirst, a significant increase in the volume of urine, the number of times you urinate.
With type I, the disease develops rapidly, there can be a sharp decrease in weight up to 15 kg per month. There is a smell of acetone from the patient’s mouth, there is a risk of a diabetic coma, leading to death.
Type II is characterized by slow development. In addition to a feeling of thirst, skin lesions in the form of pustules, severe itching can be observed. The complications of this disease are serious and dangerous. An increase in the amount of sugar causes the destruction of the capillaries. This disrupts the blood circulation process, cells do not receive nutrition and oxygen.
The process of destruction of microvessels can take place in the retina of the eyes, cause cataracts and hemorrhages, decreased visual acuity, blindness.
Failure in blood circulation provokes kidney damage, accumulation of toxins and toxins, uremia.
The destruction of the capillaries in the lower extremities leads to the appearance of gangrene, trophic ulcers. The peripheral nerves stop working.
As a result, neuropathy develops, severe pains appear in the lower extremities. Skin sensitivity disappears.
In men, there is a decrease in sexual function. Disruptions in metabolic processes that are observed in diabetes mellitus lead to a weakening of the immune system. This becomes the cause of frequent colds, infectious diseases, complications in the genitourinary organs, tuberculosis, etc. Serious disorders are observed in the functions of the liver. Fatty tissues begin to form in the organ, which can result in fatty degeneration and cirrhosis. Diabetes is diagnosed by examining a blood sugar test.
Factors contributing to the onset of diabetes, its treatment
In the treatment of diabetes, the most important point is strict adherence to the correct diet. Regardless of the type of diabetes, all foods that supply carbohydrates in large quantities should be excluded from the patient’s menu. These include: sugar and all types of sweets, high-calorie bread and pastries, alcoholic beverages.
Diabetes isn’t just physiological. It has a significant negative impact on mental health. It is not uncommon for this disease to form a patient’s wrong position in life. As a result, the quality of treatment decreases, and the disease develops more intensively. Chronic stress has been proven to be a common cause of diabetes.
The following emotional factors contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus and deterioration of the condition:
- Seizing any psychological problems can lead to excessive consumption of food. This becomes the reason for maintaining high sugar levels for a long time.
- When identifying love relationships and satisfying nutritional needs, cooling the partner’s feelings becomes the cause of hunger. Excessive food intake is also a result.
- Constant fears force the body to be in tension, in “combat readiness”. All systems are under increased load, which causes deterioration. Stabilization of the psychological state allows you to ensure balance in the internal environment in the body.
- Regular outbursts of anger, anxiety also provoke the development of diabetes mellitus and the deterioration of the patient’s condition. This is facilitated by the active stimulation of the sympathetic system, which has to work with a high load.
In this regard, an important point in the treatment of the disease is psychological work with the patient. For the most part, people are reluctant to follow such recommendations, sometimes there is a negative attitude towards them. The doctor must have enough empathy to convey to the patient the importance of emotional balance in diabetes management. If eliminating psychological failures, the progress of the disease slowed down, this is a sign of successful treatment.
There are several emotional states that require psychocorrection in diabetes:
- A person’s conviction that they are not worthy of attention and love.
- Strong desire for warmth, love from others, but an inability to give them to others.
- Diabetes is accompanied by a failure in kidney function, therefore, increased urine production.
- Dissatisfaction with work, leading to the formation of increased fatigue.
- The inability to notice the beauty of the world around us, as a result of, a decreased vision due to diabetes.
It has been proven that the quality of the hormonal system, the pancreas, in particular, depends on the environment. In the regions of the former CIS countries, in the zones of political and military conflicts, an increase in the number of diabetes mellitus diseases by 70% was noted. Sometimes the “hot spot” is the family, the situation in which is similar to that in conflict zones.
German specialists in psychosomatics at the Munich Institute conducted research, identified 3 main factors that stimulate the development of diabetes:
- Chronic problem situation in the family. A spouse who constantly suffers betrayal, alcoholism, gambling addiction, a partner, constantly remains in a tense state. This negatively affects the function of the pancreas.
- A severe shock that caused depression. Difficult divorce, death of a loved one, rape can cause a state of shock that does not go away with time.
- A state of increased anxiety. Constant anxiety, fear of losing someone or a job, not achieving goals, and other reasons are high in stress, consequently, resulting in panic attacks. In this state, sugar is rapidly burned. Hence, the desire to eat some sweets out of nervousness, anxiety, and the habit of “seizing” stress appears.
Not everyone with these factors will necessarily get diabetes. There is a risk group for this disease, which includes:
- People prone to gain weight or obese people. For the most part, they are extroverts in need of attention, love, communication. Despite their good nature, they are quite egocentric and manipulate others. These people are sensitive, therefore have more mood swings.
- Lazy people. In the development of diabetes mellitus, inactivity plays an important role, indeed, contributing to metabolic disorders, the functioning of all organs and systems.
- Night owls. Vigorous human activity at night has a negative effect on the work of the endocrine system, which nature has prescribed to work in the morning and afternoon. During this period the main synthesis of hormones, including insulin, should be carried out. For the normal passage of the processes, in fact, a person must get rest.
There are factors that can lead to the appearance, therefore, the development of this disease. One of them is the use of a large amount of refined sugar, for example, in these products: baked goods, confectionery, sweets, alcoholic beverages. Its carbohydrates provide no nutritional value to the body, but they have a strong effect on sugar levels. At first, it rises sharply, then also falls sharply, after which it normalizes. In addition, this instability provokes:
- The appearance of excess weight.
- Formation of stones in the gallbladder.
- Hormonal disruptions.
- Type II diabetes.
Children and sweets
Specifically, refined carbohydrates cause irreparable harm to the child’s body. Modern parents often pay little attention to the child, consequently, trying to compensate for this with sweets. Hence, the body develops the need to utilize a large amount of sugar.
The danger of such a situation lies not only in the fact that the child develops a love for sweets, but also, there is a risk of excess weight and hormonal disorders. Alcohol dependence develops much faster in children. At the first attempts to try alcoholic beverages, nausea and vomiting do not appear, there since the body is used to processing refined sugar, which is contained in concentrated form in alcohol. As a result, the child does not receive a lesson. In fact, they don’t have negative impressions from taking alcoholic beverages.
Accordingly, any factors that disrupt the endocrine system, the process of producing hormones, resulting in the development of diabetes. These include:
- Drinking alcoholic beverages.
- Abuse of fatty foods.
- Night activity, daytime sleep.
- Increased sexual activity.
- Regular stress, depression.
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